Proceedings of the 11th Business & Management Conference, Dubai

IS THERE A LINK BETWEEN FIRMS’ EXPORT ACTIVITY AND ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE IN A SMALL OPEN ECONOMY? EVIDENCE FROM GREECE

MARIA KALOGERA, ANTONIOS GEORGOPOULOS, PANAGIOTA BOURA

Abstract:

Even though most of the export benefits inter alia refer to high productivity and profitability, the question is whether these performance indicators have been improved solely as a result of export activity or not. As such, in this study, we investigate whether and to what extent export activity could strengthen overall firm performance in terms of the aforementioned crucial measures, productivity and profitability. Moreover, we attempt to determine the impact of the crisis during the recession when firms seek new ways in order to increase and exploit their competitive advantage through exporting activity. As Greece is a very appealing case study due to the recession, we pooled micro-level data from Greek firms operating in all sectors of economy from 2005 to 2017. After extensive research of the literature, the most widely used financial and non-financial variables have been collected for each firm. By using the GMM model approach, the results indicate that high export intensity might strengthen the productivity and profitability of firms, especially if they are young, large in size and they operate in traditional industry sectors. * This research titled " Is there a link between firms’ export activity and economic performance in a Small Open Economy? Evidence from Greece" as a part of the project "The Specification of Export Capacity of Enterprises and the Effects on the economic performance of firms" is implemented through the Operational Program "Human Resources Development, Education and Lifelong Learning" and is co-financed by the European Union (European Social Fund) and Greek national funds.

Keywords: Export performance, Economic growth, Financial measures, Greek financial crisis, Panel data, Productivity, Profitability

DOI: 10.20472/BMC.2020.011.007

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