The present study aims to deepen the prison context of the population diagnosed with psychiatric illness in the state of Tamaulipas, Mexico. A consultation was carried out at the state level in the databases of the Application of Sanctions Centers (CEDES) to identify this social group within the prison population, variables such as sex, age, time in prison, medical treatment, the breakdown of diagnosed psychiatric illnesses, visits and the legal situation within the criminal process. Finding that this group represents 1.1% of the prison population at the state level; the diagnosed psychiatric illnesses include: undefined psychosis (31%), schizophrenia (20%), paranoid schizophrenia (11%), organic lesions (8%) and depression (8%), the prevalence of these illnesses was mostly diagnosed in prisoners between 30 and 60 years of age, where 28% also do not receive medication for their condition. In conclusion, the study recognizes this social group and its conditions of vulnerability within the prison system, so it is essential that public health policies in the country and the state of Tamaulipas must be oriented to meet the needs of these social groups in order to help guarantee the enjoyment of their fundamental rights.
prison, psychiatric disorders, disability, vulnerability
JOSÉ LUIS CARPIO DOMÍNGUEZ, CYNTHIA MARISOL VARGAS OROZCO, KARLA VILLARREAL SOTELO, MARÍA GUADALUPE MONTOYA COELLO (2020). An approach to the context of the mental illness in the penitentiary system of the state of Tamaulipas, Mexico. International Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. IX(2), pp. 40-65. , DOI: 10.20472/SS2020.9.2.003
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